samr model by Dr. Ruben Puentedura

SAMR Model: A Complete Guide for k-12 Classroom Technology Integration

Have you ever wondered how to effectively use technology into your classroom in attempt to improve student learning? Are you seeking a clear framework to guide your initiatives to integrate technology? If this is the case, the SAMR model may be the answer. This article will cover the SAMR model in detail and how you can use it in your K-12 classroom.

Introduction to the SAMR Model

The SAMR Model, created by Dr Ruben Puentedura, is an acronym for the Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition stages of technology integration in education. It is a framework which educators use to evaluate the use of technology for teaching and learning purposes.

By understanding the different levels of technology integration, educators can better understand the potential for technology to transform learning and make informed decisions about best use of technology in the classroom. Implementing the SAMR Model can help educators integrate technology into the classroom efficiently and meaningfully.

Overview of the Four Levels of the SAMR Model

samr model by Dr. Ruben Puentedura
Original SAMR Model design image by HeyHi. Images adapted from Dr. Ruben Puentedura’s SAMR Model

The SAMR model categorises technology integration into four levels, each indicating a different level of classroom technology use. Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition are the levels. Understanding these levels can assist educators in evaluating and improving their use of technology.

  1. Substitution

At the substitution level, blended learning approaches are implemented, allowing for technology to be used in place of physical resources. It’s an excellent approach to incorporate technology into the classroom and begin exploring the possibilities of digital learning. With this level, educators can see the potential of technology to improve their teaching and learner’s learning.

  1. Augmentation

At the Augmentation level, technology is employed to replace inefficient processes with more efficient ones. This could imply replacing paper-based tasks with digital ones or using a tool or program to work faster or more correctly than if done by hand. While this level does not entirely alter the work at hand, it streamlines the mundane work processes and increases the speed tasks can be completed, thus freeing up educators’ time .

  1. Modification

At the Modification level, educators can use technology to enhance the activity rather than simply replace it. It includes activities that allow the modification of task goals, responsibilities, and task context. Instead of writing an essay, learners could create a slideshow or animation. The Modification level promotes creative and imaginative thinking, allowing educators to apply technology to the classroom in previously unimaginable ways.

  1. Redefinition

This could include developing virtual or augmented reality experiences or simulations, as well as incorporating previously unavailable multimedia. At this level, educators must investigate new possibilities for teaching and learning as technology influences and changes how we access and engage with information.

Examples of Technology Use in K-12 Classrooms at Each Level of the SAMR Model

The SAMR model provides a framework for evaluating technology integration in education and can guide the design and implementation of technology-enhanced learning activities. The following are examples for each of the four levels of the SAMR model.

  1. Substitution Level

At the substitution level, technology is used to replace a traditional tool or task. For example:

  • An online dictionary can be used instead of a physical one to look up words.
  • An online calculator can perform complex mathematical calculations instead of a manual one.
  • A slide presentation software can create a presentation instead of poster boards.
  1. Augmentation Level

At the augmentation level, technology adds new features or capabilities to a traditional task. For example:

  • A podcast can be created and shared to share information instead of a traditional oral presentation.
  • A translation software can help translate a language into another language.
  • An online map can be used instead of a physical map to plan a trip.
  1. Modification Level

At the modification level, technology is used to significantly alter the task or create new tasks that were not possible before. For example:

  • A simulation can be used to explore complex scientific concepts to understand better after reading from textbooks.
  • A video conferencing tool can help connect with a guest speaker if the speaker cannot come because of distance.
  • An online assessment with detailed reports of each student’s strengths and weaknesses can help educators tailor learning experiences for learners. One example of online assessment for learners with these cutting-edge features is SmartJen.

Read more: How to Identify and Address Learning Gap Effectively in Your Classroom

  1. Redefinition Level

At the redefinition level, technology is used to create new tasks and experiences that were not possible before. For example:

  • Virtual reality can create an immersive language-learning experience.
  • Augmented reality can enhance real-world experiences, such as exploring anatomy in a biology class.
  • A virtual environment can be created for learners to explore and experiment with.

Benefits of Using the SAMR Model in K-12 Classrooms

The model’s four levels of technology integration provide a road map for educators to use technology more meaningfully and effectively. Here are three key advantages of implementing the SAMR model in K-12 classrooms.

  1. Helps Educators Understand the Potential of Technology to Support and Transform Teaching and Learning

The SAMR model helps educators understand how technology can support and transform teaching and learning. The SAMR model assists educators in evaluating current technology use and understanding the potential for technology to improve learning outcomes by offering a clear framework for technology integration. This knowledge can assist educators in making well-informed choices about how to employ technology in the classroom.

  1. Allows Educators to Think Critically About How They Are Using Technology and Identify Opportunities for Deeper Integration

The SAMR model enables educators to consider how they use technology carefully and identify the potential for deeper integration. Educators may analyse their technology use and determine where they can improve their learner’s learning experience by knowing the different levels of technology integration. The model also assists educators in focusing on using technology in meaningful and productive ways.

  1. Can Inspire Educators to Use Technology in Creative and Innovative Ways That Enhance the Learning Experience

The SAMR model can motivate educators to employ technology in innovative and creative ways to improve the learning experience. The SAMR model’s highest level of technology integration, redefinition, entails leveraging technology to generate new and innovative tasks that were previously unachievable.

Redefinition reflects technology’s full ability to improve learning experiences and generate new opportunities for learners. Educators might be inspired to use technology imaginatively to engage and excite their learners if they comprehend this level.

SAMR Model Implementation in HeyHi Assessment

HeyHi Assessment is an advanced online assessment tool with features such as automated grading, a comprehensive question bank, detailed reports, insightful analysis of learners’ strengths and weaknesses, and individualised educator feedback. HeyHi Assessment simplifies and streamlines the assessment process.

By incorporating the SAMR Model into the use of HeyHi Assessment, educators can seamlessly integrate technology into their assessments, resulting in enhanced efficiency and a more student-centred approach.

Here’s a breakdown of what can be done at each level of the SAMR Model implementation in HeyHi:


  • Educators can use the online worksheet feature to substitute paper-based worksheets, making it easier to access and grade.
  • The grading automation feature can also substitute manual grading, saving time for educators.


  • Educators can use the vast question bank to enhance and personalise assessments for their students, providing a more diverse range of questions.
  • The personalised feedback feature can also enhance the assessment process by providing targeted and detailed feedback to each student in the form of text, audio and even video


  • With detailed reports and deep analysis of learners’ strengths and weaknesses, educators can modify their teaching approach to better suit individual learner needs.
  • In personalised teaching, educators can modify their teaching to better align with their learner’s learning styles and abilities.


  • With the customisable worksheet feature, educators can redefine the assessment process by creating unique and personalised assignments for their students.
  • A customised teaching plan, combined with detailed learning reports and analysis, allow a redefinition of traditional teaching methods, enabling a more personalised and student-centred approach.

Overall, the HeyHi online assessment tool provides a comprehensive solution for educators to integrate technology into their assessment process at every level of the SAMR Model. So, it’s worth it for you to try now than later!

Read More: A Complete Guide Of Formative Assessment in K12 Schools


If you’re an educator who wants to make the most of technology in the classroom, the SAMR model is a must-know! This model is your ultimate guide to understanding how technology can support and transform teaching and learning. With its four levels, you’ll see exactly how technology can enhance your lessons and make them engaging for all learners.

With the SAMR model, You’ll be able to evaluate how you’re using technology, find new and exciting ways to integrate it and inspire your learners with innovative and creative learning experiences. There are endless ways to utilise the SAMR model in the classroom.

So, if you want to differentiate your lessons from peers and give your learners a reason to be excited about coming to class, it’s time to start thinking about the SAMR model. Tools like

 will help you take full advantage of technology in the SAMR model in your teaching and make learning a blast for everyone involved. Book a demo here!

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